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Hydrogels for Osteochondral
Tissue Engineering
Journal of Biomedical

(March 2020)
Anti-Wrinkle Activity
& Transdermal Delivery
of GHK Peptide
Journal of Peptide Science
(March 2020)
Pulsed Glow Discharge
to GHK-Cu Determination
International Journal
of Mass Spectrometry

(March 2020)
Protective Effects of GHK-Cu
in Pulmonary Fibrosis
Life Sciences
(January 2020)
Anti-Wrinkle Benefits
of GHK-Cu Stimulating
Skin Basement Membrane
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
(January 2020)
Structural Analysis
Molecular Dynamics of
Skin Protective
TriPeptide GHK
Journal of Molecular Structure
(January 2020)
In Vitro / In Vivo Studies
pH-sensitive GHK-Cu in
Superabsorbent Polymer
GHK Enhances
Stem Cells Osteogenesis
Acta Biomaterialia
Antibacterial GHK-Cu
Nanoparticles for
Wound Healing
Particle & Particle (2019)
Effect of GHK-Cu
on Stem Cells and
Relevant Genes
OBM Geriatrics
GHK Alleviates
Neuronal Apoptosis Due
to Brain Hemorrhage
Frontiers in Neuroscience
Endogenous Antioxidant
International Journal of Pathophysiology and Pharmacology (2018)
Regenerative and
Protective Actions of
GHK-Cu Peptide
International Journal of
Molecular Sciences
Skin Regenerative and
Anti-Cancer Actions
of Copper Peptides
GHK-Cu Accelerates
Scald Wound Healing
Promoting Angiogenesis
Wound Repair and

GHK Peptide Inhibits
Pulmonary Fibrosis
by Suppressing TGF-β1
Frontiers in Pharmacology
Skin Cancer Therapy
with Copper Peptides
The Effect of Human
Peptide GHK Relevant to
Nervous System Function
and Cognitive Decline
Brain Sciences (2017)
Effects of Tripeptide
GHK in Pain-Induced
Aggressive Behavior
Bulletin of Experimental
Biology & Medicine
GHK-Cu Elicits
In Vitro Alterations
in Extracellular Matrix
Am Journal of Respiratory
and Critical Care Medicine

Selected Biomarkers &
Copper Compounds
Scientific Reports

GHK-Cu on Collagen,
Elastin, and Facial Wrinkles
Journal of Aging Science
Tri-Peptide GHK-Cu
and Acute Lung Injury

Effect of GHK Peptide
on Pain Sensitivity
Experimental Pharmacology

New Data of the
Cosmeceutical and
TriPeptide GHK
SOFW Journal
GHK Peptide as a
Natural Modulator of
Multiple Cellular Pathways
in Skin Regeneration
BioMed Research (2015)
Resetting Skin Genome
Back to Health
Naturally with GHK
Textbook of Aging Skin
GHK-Cu May Prevent
Oxidative Stress in Skin
by Regulating Copper and
Modifying Expression of
Numerous Antioxidant Genes Cosmetics (2015)
GHK Increases
TGF-β1 in
Human Fibroblasts

Acta Poloniae

The Human Skin Remodeling Peptide Induces Anti-Cancer
Expression and DNA Repair Analytical Oncology
Resetting the
Human Genome to Health
BioMed Research
Enhanced Tropic Factor Secretion of Mesenchymal
Stem Cells with GHK
Acta Biomater
Anxiolytic (Anti-Anxiety)
Effects of GHK Peptide
Bulletin of Experimental
Biology & Medicine
Lung Destruction and
its Reversal by GHK
Genome Medicine
TriPeptide GHK Induces
Programmed Cell Death
of Neuroblastoma
Journal of Biotechnology
Stem Cell
Recovering Effect
of GHK in Skin
Peptide Science
Skin Penetration of
Copper Tripeptide in Vitro
Journal of International
Inflammation Research
Possible Therapeutics
for Colorectal Cancer
Journal of Clinical and
Experimental Metastasis
Methods of Controlling
Differentiation and
Proliferation of Stem Cells
Effects of
Copper Tripeptide
on Irradiated Fibroblasts
American Medical Association
Avoid Buying Fake Copper Peptides Dangerous














Liver Regeneration

GHK was originally isolated by its actions on increasing the survival of rat liver organ cultures. GHK also increases repair of liver damage in rats.

Rat liver organ culture
GHK-Cu stimulated the survival of normal rat liver cells
Tripeptide in human serum which prolongs survival of normal liver cells and stimulates growth in neoplastic liver, Pickart L, Thaler M, Nature New Biol,1973, 243:85-7
Rats - Effect of GHK on DNA synthesis and immune status Ten intraperitoneal injections of tripeptide Gly-His-Lys in doses of 1.5, 5, 50, 150, and 450 mg/kg stimulated mitotic activity of hepatocytes and dose-dependently suppressed immune reactivity (number of antibody-producing cells and delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction). Smakhtin, MY, Sever’yanova LA, Konoplya AI, Shveinov IA. Tripeptide Gly-His-Lys is a hepatotropic and immunosuppressor. Bull. Exp. Biol. Med. 2002 Jun; 133(6):586-8
Rats- Regeneration of hepatic damage after poison 10-day intraperitoneal administration of Gly-His-Lys in doses 2.5 and 150 mu/kg raises of mitotic index of hepatocytes in acute toxic damage to the liver by dichloromethane (carbon tetrachloride). In the dose 1.5 mu/kg this peptide corrects both functional activity of hepatocytes and immunological responsiveness. In a dose of 150 mu/kg the peptide has a more potent immunosuppressive action and deteriorates biochemical indices of blood serum as well as dystrophic changes in the liver. Smakhtin MI, Konoplia AI, Sever’ianova LA, Sheveinov IA. Pharmacological correction of immuno-metabolic disorders with the peptide Gly-His-Lys in hepatic damage induced by tetrachloromethane. Patol Fiziol Eksp Ter. 2003 Apr-Jun; (2):19-21

KURSKIY SCIENTIFICALLY-PRACTICAL Scientifically-practical journal from Kursk state medical university, Central-Chernozemnogo scientific centre to Russian Academy of the Medical Sciences, Kursk regional branch of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Number 3 – 2006 Year


Reparative activity of different functional group peptides in hepatopathyes. Smakhtin M.Yu., Konoplya A.I., Severyanova L.A., Kurtseva A.A., Cherdakov V.Yu. Biochemistry Department of the Kursk State Medical University

Gly-His-Lys activated hepatocyte reparative regeneration and decreased the immune function in hepatopathies, both with the increased immune function (tetrachloromethane hepatopathy), and with the reduced one (hydrazine hepatopathy). It was the most potent activator of the hepatocyte mitotic activity comparing to an agonist of δ-opiate receptors – peptide DSLET and ACTH4-10. The direction and expression of DSLET and ACTH4-10 effects were not the same in differet toxic hepatopathy models that proved the regulatory influence of these peptides. In comparison to ACTH4-10, DSLET was more potent in activating the reparative liver regeneration and had the immunomodulatory activity.

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